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Bunaken National Park

Bunaken National Park
Bunaken National Park is a representative of Indonesian tropical water ecosystems of the mangrove ecosystems that consists of sea grass, coral reefs, and land / coastal ecosystems.
In the northern part of Bunaken, Manado Tua Island, Montehage Island, Siladen Island, Nain island, Nain Kecil Island, and some coastal areas of Cape Pisok. While in the Southern coast includes Tanjung Kelapa.

The potential of this national park land is rich in species of palm, sago, woka, silar and coconut. Animal species that live on land and coastal regions such as Sulawesi black ape (Macaca nigra nigra), deer (Cervus timorensis russa), and possum (Ailurops ursinus ursinus).
Plant species in the mangrove forests of Bunaken National Park Rhizophora sp., Sonneratia sp., Lumnitzera sp., And Bruguiera sp. The forest is rich in various kinds of crabs, shrimp, mollusks and various types of marine birds such as seagulls, storks, sea doves, and sea Heron.
Type of algae found in this national park include the type of Caulerpa sp., Halimeda sp., And Padina sp. Seagrass dominated Montehage especially on the island, and the island of Thalassia hemprichii Nain, Enhallus acoroides, and Thalassodendron ciliatum.
Recorded 13 generation of corals living in waters of Bunaken National Park, dominated by the edge of coral reef species and coral reef barrier. The most interesting is the vertical cliffs as far as 25-50 meters.

Approximately 91 species of fish found in the waters of Bunaken National Park, including gusumi horse fish (Hippocampus horse), white oci (Seriola rivoliana), yellow tail lolosi (Lutjanus Kasmira), goropa (Pseudanthias Ephinephelus spilotoceps hypselosoma), ila trunk (Scolopsis bilineatus) , and others.
Types of mollusks like giant clam (Tridacna gigas), the head of the goat (Cassis cornuta), hollow nautilus (Nautilus pompillius), and tunikates / ascidian.

source image : planet sulawesi


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